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History of ‘In God We Trust’

The motto IN GOD WE TRUST was placed on United States coins largely because of the increased religious sentiment existing during the Civil War. Secretary of the TreasurySalmon P. Chase received many appeals from devout persons throughout the country, urging that the United States recognize the Deity on United States coins. From Treasury Department records, it appears that the first such appeal came in a letter dated November 13, 1861. It was written to Secretary Chase by Rev. M. R. Watkinson, Minister of the Gospel from Ridleyville, Pennsylvania, and read:


Dear Sir: You are about to submit your annual report to the Congress respecting the affairs of the national finances.One fact touching our currency has hitherto been seriously overlooked. I mean the recognition of the Almighty God in some form on our coins.

You are probably a Christian. What if our Republic were not shattered beyond reconstruction? Would not the antiquaries of succeeding centuries rightly reason from our past that we were a heathen nation? What I propose is that instead of the goddess of liberty we shall have next inside the 13 stars a ring inscribed with the words PERPETUAL UNION; within the ring the allseeing eye, crowned with a halo; beneath this eye the American flag, bearing in its field stars equal to the number of the States united; in the folds of the bars the words GOD, LIBERTY, LAW.

This would make a beautiful coin, to which no possible citizen could object. This would relieve us from the ignominy of heathenism. This would place us openly under the Divine protection we have personally claimed. From my hearth I have felt our national shame in disowning God as not the least of our present national disasters.

To you first I address a subject that must be agitated.

As a result, Secretary Chase instructed James Pollock, Director of the Mint at Philadelphia, to prepare a motto, in a letter dated November 20, 1861:

Dear Sir: No nation can be strong except in the strength of God, or safe except in His defense. The trust of our people in God should be declared on our national coins.You will cause a device to be prepared without unnecessary delay with a motto expressing in the fewest and tersest words possible this national recognition.

It was found that the Act of Congress dated January 18, 1837, prescribed the mottoes and devices that should be placed upon the coins of the United States. This meant that the mint could make no changes without the enactment of additional legislation by the Congress. In December 1863, the Director of the Mint submitted designs for new one-cent cointwo-cent coin, and three-cent coin to Secretary Chase for approval. He proposed that upon the designs either OUR COUNTRY; OUR GOD or GOD, OUR TRUST should appear as a motto on the coins. In a letter to the Mint Director on December 9, 1863, Secretary Chase stated:

I approve your mottoes, only suggesting that on that with the Washington obverse the motto should begin with the word OUR, so as to read OUR GOD AND OUR COUNTRY. And on that with the shield, it should be changed so as to read: IN GOD WE TRUST.

The Congress passed the Act of April 22, 1864. This legislation changed the composition of the one-cent coin and authorized the minting of the two-cent coin. The Mint Director was directed to develop the designs for these coins for final approval of the Secretary. IN GOD WE TRUST first appeared on the 1864 two-cent coin.

Another Act of Congress passed on March 3, 1865. It allowed the Mint Director, with the Secretary’s approval, to place the motto on all gold and silver coins that “shall admit the inscription thereon.” Under the Act, the motto was placed on the gold double-eagle coin, the gold eagle coin, and the gold half-eagle coin. It was also placed on the silver dollar coin, the half-dollar coin and the quarter-dollar coin, and on the nickel three-cent coinbeginning in 1866. Later, Congress passed the Coinage Act of February 12, 1873. It also said that the Secretary “may cause the motto IN GOD WE TRUST to be inscribed on such coins as shall admit of such motto.”

The use of IN GOD WE TRUST has not been uninterrupted. The motto disappeared from the five-cent coin in 1883, and did not reappear until production of the Jefferson nickel began in 1938. Since 1938, all United States coins bear the inscription. Later, the motto was found missing from the new design of the double-eagle gold coin and the eagle gold coin shortly after they appeared in 1907. In response to a general demand, Congress ordered it restored, and the Act of May 18, 1908, made it mandatory on all coins upon which it had previously appeared. IN GOD WE TRUST was not mandatory on the one-cent coin and five-cent coin. It could be placed on them by the Secretary or the Mint Director with the Secretary’s approval.

The motto has been in continuous use on the one-cent coin since 1909, and on the ten-cent coin since 1916. It also has appeared on all gold coins and silver dollar coinshalf-dollar coins, and quarter-dollar coins struck since July 1, 1908.

A law passed by the 84th Congress (P.L. 84-140) and approved by the President on July 30, 1956, the President approved a Joint Resolution of the 84th Congress, declaring IN GOD WE TRUST the national motto of the United States. IN GOD WE TRUST was first used on paper money in 1957, when it appeared on the one-dollar silver certificate. The first paper currency bearing the motto entered circulation on October 1, 1957. The Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) was converting to the dry intaglio printing process. During this conversion, it gradually included IN GOD WE TRUST in the back design of all classes and denominations of currency.

As a part of a comprehensive modernization program the BEP successfully developed and installed new high-speed rotary intaglio printing presses in 1957. These allowed BEP to print currency by the dry intaglio process, 32 notes to the sheet. One-dollar silver certificates were the first denomination printed on the new high-speed presses. They included IN GOD WE TRUST as part of the reverse design as BEP adopted new dies according to the law. The motto also appeared on one-dollar silver certificates of the 1957-A and 1957-B series.

BEP prints United States paper currency by an intaglio process from engraved plates. It was necessary, therefore, to engrave the motto into the printing plates as a part of the basic engraved design to give it the prominence it deserved.

One-dollar silver certificates series 1935, 1935-A, 1935-B, 1935-C, 1935-D, 1935-E, 1935-F, 1935-G, and 1935-H were all printed on the older flat-bed presses by the wet intaglio process. P.L. 84-140 recognized that an enormous expense would be associated with immediately replacing the costly printing plates. The law allowed BEP to gradually convert to the inclusion of IN GOD WE TRUST on the currency. Accordingly, the motto is not found on series 1935-E and 1935-F one-dollar notes. By September 1961, IN GOD WE TRUST had been added to the back design of the Series 1935-G notes. Some early printings of this series do not bear the motto. IN GOD WE TRUST appears on all series 1935-H one-dollar silver certificates.

Below is a listing by denomination of the first production and delivery dates for currency bearing IN GOD WE TRUST:

$1 Federal Reserve Note February 12, 1964 March 11, 1964
$5 United States Note January 23, 1964 March 2, 1964
$5 Federal Reserve Note July 31, 1964 September 16, 1964
$10 Federal Reserve Note February 24, 1964 April 24, 1964
$20 Federal Reserve Note October 7, 1964 October 7, 1964
$50 Federal Reserve Note August 24, 1966 September 28, 1966
$100 Federal Reserve Note August 18, 1966 September 27, 1966

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SHOULD we still sacrifice a Lamb for Pesach/Passover?


Love and Shalom to all . . .
With the first of the Spring Appointed Times of ELohim (Almighty) approaching next month, many are getting their lamb’s ready for the slaughter.
SHOULD we still sacrifice a Lamb for Pesach/Passover?
Allow SCRIPTURE to guide you, NOT the traditions or beliefs of man . . .

Even though the motives and intentions of those who still sacrifice a Lamb for Passover might be true, there is NO SCRIPTURAL support confirming their belief. This brief study aims to present to all those guarding the commands (Torah) of Almighty Yahuah (YHUH/YHWH) evidence from Scripture to guide you to making an informed decision!

By Scriptural command, the first Passover sacrifices performed in Mitsrayim (Egypt) as the precursor to the Plague of the Firstborn were carried out in a vastly different manner than the subsequent Passover sacrifices were. This provides a vital link that is missed by those who currently believe that we should kill a Passover lamb each year. If we read the instructions for keeping that very first Passover (Shemoth/Exo chapter 12), we will notice that each household was instructed to keep the lamb until the 14th day. They weren’t given instructions about [where] to kill the lamb for that very first Passover observance. However, once the Yisraelites departed Mitsrayim (Egypt), an instruction was given pertaining to any sacrifices performed by the Yisraelites. That directive is found in Wayyiqra (Lev) 17 . . .

Lev 17:2-9 “Speak to Aharon, to his sons, and to all the children of Yisra’ĕl, and say to them, ‘This is the word which YHUH יהוה has commanded, saying, “Any man from the house of Yisra’ĕl who slaughters a bull or a [lamb] or a goat in the camp, or who slaughters it outside the camp, and does not bring it to the [door of the Tent of Meeting], to bring an offering to YHUH יהוה before the [Dwelling Place of YHUH יהוה], blood-guilt is reckoned to that man. He has shed blood, and that man shall be [cut off] from among his people, in order that the [children of Yisra’ĕl] bring their slaughterings which they slaughter in the open field. And they shall bring them to YHUH יהוה at the door of the Tent of meeting, to the priest, and slaughter them as peace offerings to YHUH יהוה. “And the priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar of YHUH יהוה at the door of the Tent of Meeting, and shall burn the fat for a sweet fragrance to YHUH יהוה. “And let them no longer slaughter their slaughterings to demons, after whom they whored. This is a law forever for them throughout their generations.” ’ “And say to them, ‘Any man of the [house of Yisra’ĕl], or of [the strangers who sojourn among you], who offers a [burnt offering or slaughtering], and does [not bring it to the door of the Tent of Meeting], to do it to YHUH יהוה, that man shall be [cut off from among his people].

Lev 17:11 ‘For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to [make atonement] for your lives, for it is [the blood that makes atonement for the life].’

The instructions in Lev 17 were given during the Yisraelites’ first year of having departed Egypt. This passage makes it clear that any sacrifices performed by the Yisraelites going forward were to be brought to the door of the Tent of Meeting. When the tabernacle was eventually replaced by the temple, the sacrifices were to be brought to that location. No mention is made of what to do if you happened to be “too far” from the tabernacle, or later, too far from the temple. No provision was made for offering sacrifices in distant lands.

See FURTHER EVIDENCE that slaughtering sacrifices were to be taken to the [Tent of Meeting] and not just any place . . .
Lev 12:6 ‘And when the days of her cleansing are completed, for a son or for a daughter, she brings to the priest [a lamb] a year old, as a [burnt offering], and a young pigeon or a turtledove as a sin offering, to the [door of the Tent of Meeting].

Lev 9:3-5 “And speak to the [children of Yisra’ĕl], saying, ‘Take a male goat as a sin offering, and a calf and a [lamb], both a year old, perfect ones, as a [burnt offering], and a bull and a ram as peace offerings, to slaughter before YHUH יהוה, and a grain offering mixed with oil. For today YHUH יהוה shall appear to you.’ ” And they took what Mosheh commanded before [the Tent of Meeting], and all the congregation drew near and stood before YHUH יהוה.

Exod 29:42 a continual burnt offering for your generations at [the door of the Tent of Meeting] before YHUH יהוה, where I shall meet with you to speak with you.

Can the Passover Lamb be slaughtered at any place?
Deut 16:5-6 “You are NOT ALLOWED to slaughter the Passover within any of your gates which YHUH יהוה your Elohim gives you, but [at the place where YHUH יהוה your Elohim chooses to make His Name dwell], there you slaughter the Passover in the evening, at the going down of the sun, at the appointed time you came out of Mitsrayim.

WHERE did Almighty Yahuah (YHUH/YHWH) choose to make His Name dwell?
In Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) [See 1Kin 11:36; 2Kin 21:4, 23:7; 2Cron 6:6, 33:4; Rev 3:12) – the SAME city where Messiah will rule and reign with His set-apart ones for a thousand years.

Where in Scripture are we ever told, “If you are too far from the place where Yahuah has chosen to place His name, keep the festival where you live”?

The command to kill a Passover lamb applies to those living in the land of Yisra’el and also requires that there be a temple. Since there is no current temple in existence, even for those living in the land, the instructions for killing a Passover lamb cannot currently be carried out in accordance with how Torah instructs it to be done. Moreover, since there are no approved Scriptural examples of any believers killing a Passover lamb anywhere outside of Jerusalem, it seems to be quite presumptuous on our part to do such a thing.

WHO was supposed to bring atonement for the sins of the Yisraelites (before Messiah’s death and resurrection) through sacrifices of animals?
Lev 5:7-10 ‘And if he is unable to bring [a lamb], then he shall bring to YHUH יהוה, he who has sinned, two turtledoves or two young pigeons, one for a [sin offering] and the other for a [burnt offering]. ‘And he shall [bring them to the priest], who shall bring near that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off its head from its neck, but not sever it. ‘And he shall sprinkle some of the [blood] of the [sin offering] on the side of the [altar], and the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a [sin offering]. ‘And he shall prepare the second as a burnt offering according to the right-ruling, and [the priest] shall [make atonement] for him, for his sin which he has sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.

Lev 4:35 ‘Then he removes all its fat, as the fat of the [lamb] is removed from the [slaughtering] of the peace offering. And [the priest] shall burn it on [the altar], [according to the offerings made by fire] to YHUH יהוה. So [the priest shall make atonement for his sin] that he has sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.

Lev 3:7-8 ‘If he is bringing [a lamb as his offering], then he shall bring it before YHUH יהוה, and shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and slaughter it in front of the [Tent of Meeting], and the [sons of Aharon] (priests/Levites) shall [sprinkle its blood] (as atonement) on the altar round about.

Exod 12:43-44 And YHUH יהוה said to Mosheh and Aharon, “This is the [law of the Passover]: No son of a stranger is to eat of it, but any servant a man has bought for silver, when you have [circumcised] him, [then let him eat of it].

In all the Scriptures above, we see that [the priest] was to bring the sacrifice to Yahuah, NOT just anyone.
Who is our high Priest today according to Scriptural evidence?
Heb 3:1 Therefore, set-apart brothers, partakers of the heavenly calling, closely consider the Emissary and High Priest of our confession, Messiah Yahusha יהושע.
Heb 7:26-27 For it was fitting that we should have such a High Priest – kind, innocent, undefiled, having been separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens, who does not need, as those high priests, to offer up slaughter [offerings] day by day, first for His own sins and then for those of the people, for this He did [once for all] when He offered up Himself.
Heb 8:1-2 Now the summary of what we are saying is: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Greatness in the heavens, and who serves in the set-apart place and of the true Tent, which YHUH יהוה set up, and not man.
Heb 9:11 But Messiah, having become a High Priest of the coming good [matters], through the greater and more perfect Tent not made with hands, that is, not of this creation.

We are given a foreshadow of HOW Almighty Yahuah would PRESENT a PERFECT LAMB to REDEEM His people from their sins . . .
Gen 22:7-8 And Yitsḥaq (Isaac) spoke to Aḇraham his father and said, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” And he said, “See, the fire and the wood! But [where is the lamb] for a [burnt offering]?” And Aḇraham said, “My son, [Elohim does provide for Himself the lamb] for a burnt offering.” And the two of them went together.

WHO is the Lamb that ELohim provided to TAKE AWAY the SINS of the world – to ATONE for man’s disobedience and lawlessness (sin) to His Torah?
Didn’t The Father provide the PERFECT LAMB – His Son, to ATONE for His people’s sins and their rebellion to His Torah?
Isn’t the BLOOD of Mashiach (Messiah) Yahusha – the ONLY SON of The Almighty (Yahuah) far SUPERIOR to the blood of any other lamb?

Hebrews chapter 10 not only presents the Messiah as the offering for our sins, but He is presented as having offered Himself as “one sacrifice for sins for ever” (Heb 10:12). If Yahusha’s sacrifice is considered as “one sacrifice for sins for ever,” then why should we continue offering a Passover lamb year after year? As we ponder the significance of this reasoning, study Hebrews 10 verses 1-25.
Heb 10:10 By that desire we have been set apart through the [offering of the body] of Yahusha יהושע Messiah [once for all].
Heb 10:12 But He, having offered one slaughter [offering] for sins for [all time], sat down at the right hand of Elohim.
Heb 10:18 Now where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer a slaughter [offering] for sin.

1Cor 5:7 Therefore cleanse out the old leaven, so that you are a new lump, as you are unleavened. For also [Messiah our Passover] was [offered] for us.

If we can understand and acknowledge that Yahusha’s fulfilment of the Passover sacrifice simultaneously fulfilled all the sin offerings … once for all … then why should we need to repeat killing a Passover lamb each year? Not only do we miss the mark by arbitrarily deciding “where” Yahuah’s Name is to be placed, and not only do we ignore the mandate that this offering must be brought to the door of the Tent of Meeting, but we also seem to overlook the fact that when Yahusha offered Himself as that Passover offering, He offered that one sacrifice for sins for ever.

What does Scriptures teach about those who disregard the Messiah?
2Pet 1:17-18 For when He received respect and esteem from Elohim the Father, such a voice came to Him from the Excellent Esteem, “This is My Son, the Beloved in whom I did delight.” And we heard this voice which came from heaven when we were with Him on the set-apart mountain.
1Yohn 2:22-24 Who is the liar, except the one denying that Yahusha יהושע is the Messiah? This is the anti-messiah, the one denying the Father and the Son. No one denying the Son has the Father. The one confessing the Son has the Father as well. As for you, let that stay in you which you heard from the beginning. If what you heard from the beginning stays in you, you also shall stay in the Son and in the Father.
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What Does it mean to Carry your cross everyday?

In Matthew 10:38-39 it is stated as follows below:

New King James Version (NKJV)

38 And he who does not take his cross and follow after Me is not worthy of Me. 39 He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for My sake will find it.

In Jesus’s time, a cross was where sinful people were crucified. Jesus to be crucified on the cross was simply because HE possessed all our sins according to

2 Corinthians 5:20-21 New King James Version (NKJV)

20 Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were pleading through us: we implore you on Christ’s behalf, be reconciled to God. 21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

Taking Jesus’s cross does not mean to carry a physical cross with us in our necks, or on our backs, or on our heads, etc BUT it simply means to always RESPOND with a NO to any WILL that tries to make us sin against God.

That is why it is mentioned that we need to take his cross simply because we need to always nail on the same cross (within our hearts) any sin that tries to prevent us from being accepted by God. That is why it is mentioned in

Galatians 5:24 New King James Version (NKJV)

24 And those who are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.

And that is why Paul had to mention this in

1 Corinthians 15:31 New King James Version (NKJV)

31 I affirm, by the boasting in you which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.

Yes, he used to die everyday because he used to say NO to bodily desires and lusts on a daily basis for he was a follower of Christ and in this cases he possessed a spiritual cross within himself and that was actually Christ he accepted into his life to fulfill the scripture that says that; we Live NOT on our own but according to His Will.

Lastly, it is mentioned in Mark 8:34-37 New King James Version (NKJV)

34 When He had called the people to Himself, with His disciples also, He said to them, “Whoever desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me. 35 For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake and the gospel’s will save it. 36 For what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul? 37 Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul?

We must deny ourselves on a daily basis; we must nail our sins on the cross in our hearts on a daily basis; we must do away with all the body desires on a daily basis; we must say NO to all evil in our lives on a daily basis, etc and by doing all that shows that we are carrying HIS Cross and we are following Him.

Be blessed and Be strong in His Faith.

What can you say about these verses in Hebrews 8:6-7,13? (First and Second Covenant)

This post was sourced from Facebook and was published on January 12, 2014 at 11:31am

A question was posed:

What can you say about these verses?

Heb 8:6 However, Jesus has now obtained a more superior ministry, since the covenant he mediates is founded on better promises.

Heb 8:7 If the first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no need to look for a second one,

Heb 8:13 In speaking of a “new” covenant, he has made the first one obsolete, and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear.


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Torah or Old Testament is NOT Oral Laws (Yoke of Bondage or Man-Made Oral Laws)

Oral-Laws_Torah and God's Laws

Far too many people refer to the Torah/”Law” as a Yoke of Bondage. They have fallen prey to false religion and have little understanding of the Word Itself. Let’s leave it in context, shall we? First of all, there were 2 “Laws” at hand. Paul was speaking against MAN-MADE Oral Law, not Torah. Judaism lives by “Shebe al peh” or Oral Law, then and now. This is compiled in the 74 books of Talmud. Not the 5 books of Torah. Paul was a Pharisee of Pharisees (Jewish Oral Law) and his encounter with the Messiah on the road to Damascus brought him to love the WORD (Torah) of the Almighty. Having said that, let us review…
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All the Feasts of the Most High look forward and look back, and they all point to the Messiah (His Son)


Our Beloved Brother, the prophesied Messiah of Israel, was born on the Feast of Tabernacles… in September. All of the awesome Feasts of our Father look forward and look back, and they all point to Him.

(The “CH” sounds like “KH!”) Pesach/Passover: Looks back at the blood on the door frame that caused the “death angel” to pass over the children of the Most High while in Egypt. It also looked forward to the ULTIMATE blood Sacrifice of our Messiah, our Passover Lamb!

Hallelu’YAH! Chag Matzot/Feast of Unleaven Bread: Looks back at the preparation of Israel’s exodus/departure from Egypt. They had to flee so quickly, the bread they baked had no time to rise! It was without leaven. It also looks forward to the burial of our Messiah, our beautiful Kinsman Redeemer, who was without leaven/sin.

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